Common Causes of Ankle Pain

Ankle pain is a frequent ailment caused by several circumstances. Sprains, strains, fractures, and overuse injuries are some of the most prevalent causes of ankle discomfort.


Sprains develop when the ligaments that link bones are strained or ripped. This can happen because of a quick twisting or turning action, or because of landing on an uneven surface. Sprain symptoms include pain, edema, and bruising. Complications from moderate to severe sprains might develop even after the ligaments have recovered. A lump might form in one of the ligaments, creating continual friction in the joint and eventually chronic inflammation and irreparable injury. A corticosteroid injection into the ankle to minimize inflammation and a topical anesthetic to alleviate discomfort typically results in improvement.


Strains emerge when the muscles or tendons that link the muscles to the bones strain or tear. Overuse, such as sprinting or leaping, or an abrupt movement, such as a swift spin or twist, can cause this. A strain causes discomfort, stiffness, and muscular weakening.

Ankle fractures

Ankle fractures can develop because of a violent event, such as a fall or a vehicle collision. Severe pain, swelling, and trouble bearing weight on the afflicted ankle are all symptoms of a fracture.

Overuse injuries

Overuse injuries, such as tendinitis and bursitis, arise when the ankle muscles, tendons, or bursa sacs become inflamed because of repetitive use. These forms of injuries are frequent among athletes and those who regularly engage in physical activities. Pain, stiffness, and trouble moving the ankle are all symptoms of overuse injuries.

Another prevalent reason of ankle discomfort is arthritis. Arthritis is a chronic illness that causes joint inflammation and discomfort. Arthritis in the ankle can cause the cartilage that cushions the bones to wear away, resulting in pain and stiffness.

Gout is a type of arthritis characterized by the accumulation of uric acid crystals in the joints. Gout can cause significant pain, redness, and edema in the ankle.

Another reason of ankle discomfort is impingement. This happens when the ankle's bones or soft tissues get squeezed, producing discomfort and difficulties moving the ankle.

Achilles tendonitis is a painful and inflammatory illness that affects the Achilles tendon, which runs from the heel to the calf muscle. Achilles tendonitis can produce back-of-the-ankle discomfort as well as difficulties walking or jogging.

Ankle pain can be caused by sprains, strains, fractures, overuse injuries, arthritis, gout, ankle impingement, Achilles tendonitis, and pinched nerves. Seeing a doctor or physical therapist is the best approach to establishing the source of your ankle discomfort. They will be able to identify your illness and provide a treatment plan tailored to your individual needs.

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