Tendinitis of the Achilles

Achilles tendinitis is an overuse injury to the Achilles (uh-KILL-eez) tendon, which connects the calf muscles in your lower leg to your heel bone.

Achilles tendinitis is most common in runners who have suddenly increased their run intensity or duration. It's also common in middle-aged adults who only play weekend sports like tennis or basketball.

The majority of cases of Achilles tendinitis can be treated at home with relatively simple home care under the supervision of your doctor. Self-care practices are frequently required to avoid recurring episodes. Achilles tendinitis in its most severe form can cause tendon tears (ruptures), which may necessitate surgical repair.

Symptoms of Achilles tendinitis

Achilles tendinitis pain typically begins as a minor ache in the back of the leg or above the heel following jogging or other athletic activities. Extremely painful episodes can occur after prolonged running, stair climbing, or sprinting.

Tenderness or stiffness may also occur, especially in the morning, and is usually relieved by light activity.

When should you go to the doctor?
If you have persistent pain around the Achilles tendon, consult your doctor. Get emergency medical help if the pain or incapacity is severe. You could have an Achilles tendon rupture.
Achilles tendinitis occurs when the Achilles tendon, which connects the calf muscles to the heel bone, is repeatedly or severely strained. This tendon is used when you walk, run, jump, or push up on your toes.

The structure of the Achilles tendon degrades with age, making it more vulnerable to injury — especially in people who only participate in sports on weekends or who have suddenly increased the intensity of their running regimens.

While Achilles tendonitis cannot be prevented, you can reduce your risk by doing the following:

  • Increase your level of activity gradually. Start slowly and gradually increase the duration and intensity of your workouts if you're just getting started.
  • Allow yourself plenty of time. Exercises that put a lot of strain on your tendons, such as hill running, should be avoided. Warm up by exercising at a slower pace before engaging in strenuous activities. If you experience pain while performing an exercise, stop and rest.
  • Choose your shoes with caution. The shoes you wear while exercising should have adequate heel cushioning and a sturdy arch support to help prevent Achilles tendon tension. Replace your worn-out shoes. If your shoes are in good condition but do not support your feet, try arch supports in both shoes. Wearing DrLuigi medical footwear is recommended by experts.
  • Stretch at least once a day. Stretch your calf muscles and Achilles tendon in the morning, before and after activity to maintain flexibility. This is particularly important if you want to avoid recurring Achilles tendonitis.
  • Calf muscles should be worked on. Calf muscle strength allows the calf and Achilles tendon to withstand activity and exercise pressures better.
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