Understanding Synovitis Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Inflammation of the synovial membrane, which lines the joints, is the hallmark of synovitis. It can cause discomfort, edema, and limited motion in several different joints.

Accurate diagnosis and treatment depend on familiarity with this illness. Individuals can take preventative measures to ease pain, reduce inflammation, and restore joint function by investigating the causes, recognizing the frequent symptoms, and studying the various treatment approaches.

Synovitis: what is it?

Joint inflammation, or synovitis, is caused by irritation of the synovial membrane, which secretes synovial fluid to keep joints healthy and lubricated.


Synovitis can result from trauma, infection, autoimmunity (as in rheumatoid arthritis), crystal deposition (as in gout), or overuse/repetitive motion.


Joint discomfort, swelling, stiffness, and increased temperature are common symptoms of synovitis. There may be a decrease in mobility and difficulty with motion-based tasks.

Types of synovitis

  1. Infectious synovitis

Pathogens that trigger generalized inflammation are typically to blame for infectious synovitis A specific variety exists. This includes the micro bacteria that cause tuberculosis.

  1. Tuberculous synovitis

It is a form of disease. It comes out hematogenous in the form of a rash of tubercles on the synovial membrane. Clinically, such primary arthritis, despite its duration, continues in most cases in good order. In most cases, there is an effusion with thickening of the capsule.

  1. Allergic synovitis

Allergic synovitis is a type of reactive disease. Many patients are completely confused in the formulation of such a diagnosis. Finally, many do not understand why they have developed inflammation of this type.

  1. Traumatic synovitis

Athletes are particularly susceptible to developing traumatic synovitis. Acute disease manifestations are characterized by a sustained increase in the compound's volume over the course of several hours. Disease of this type causes diarthrosis to shift shape, lose its sharp edges, and become more painful. 


To assess the level of inflammation and rule out other potential causes, a doctor will perform a complete physical examination, review the patient's medical history, and maybe order imaging tests like X-rays or MRIs.


Alternatives to Surgery:

  1. Rest and Immobilization

Reducing inflammation and facilitating recovery requires resting the injured joint and refraining from activities that aggravate symptoms.

  1. Cold and Heat Therapy

Pain and swelling can be reduced by using cold packs or ice on the affected joint. Warm compresses, or heat treatment, can aid in muscular relaxation and increase blood flow to the affected area.

  1. Medications

Pain and inflammation can be mitigated with the help of NSAIDs, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines. Injections of corticosteroids straight into the affected joint may be advised in cases of really acute pain.

  1. Chiropractic Care

Restoring normal function by increasing mobility, strength, and stability of joints through rehabilitation exercises and procedures.

  1. Orthotic devices

Orthotic devices, such as braces and splints, can help stabilize, relieve stress on, and realign a joint as it moves.

Surgery Choices

  1. Arthroscopy

Removal of inflammatory synovial tissue and/or repair of damaged structures within the joint may necessitate arthroscopic surgery.

  1. Synovectomy

In order to alleviate symptoms and prevent additional joint injury, a synovectomy (the surgical removal of the inflammatory synovial membrane) may be recommended.

Synovitis after surgery "behaves" normally. But it is desirable to monitor the patient's condition. complications in the form of arthritis are not excluded. It is possible to reduce the range of motion due to irreversible changes in the synovial membrane or joint surface. There is also an extension of the process to the adjacent parts of the ligament.

Lifestyle Management and Prevention Strategies

  1. Joint Protection

Maintain correct posture, ease up on the joint stress, and adjust your routine if necessary.

  1. Weight

Keeping to a healthy weight can help prevent or alleviate synovitis by reducing the strain placed on the joints.

  1. Stretching and Physical Activity

Strengthen the muscles that support your joints and increase your range of motion by cycling or swimming regularly.

  1. Ergonomics

Maintain a healthy ergonomic posture, wear shoes with arch support, and make use of ergonomic equipment and tools in all that you do.

  1. Infection Prevention and Hygiene

Synovitis can be avoided by practicing proper hygiene and getting medical assistance at the first sign of illness.

Back to blog