Varicose Veins

There are millions of people who suffer from varicose veins worldwide. These swollen and twisted veins can be uncomfortable, and for some people, they could also be an aesthetic issue. If ignored, they can, however, develop into more significant health issues.

Definition of Varicose Veins

Blood vessels, called veins, return blood to the heart. There are valves in healthy veins that stop blood from flowing backward. Blood can collect in the veins and expand and twist them when these valves are weak or broken. This condition is known as varicose veins.

Though they can develop in any area of the body, varicose veins most frequently affect the legs and feet. These might be microscopic, spider-like veins or huge, bulging veins that are visible through the skin, depending on their size.

Causes of Varicose Veins

There are several factors that can increase the risk of developing varicose veins. These include:

  1. Age

The vein valves in our bodies might weaken with age, increasing the likelihood that blood will collect in the veins.

  • Genetics 

Since varicose veins frequently run in families, the problem may have a genetic basis.

  • Gender

Varicose veins are more common in women than in males, presumably as a result of hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy and menopause.

  • Obesity

The veins may get compressed by excess weight, which will make it more difficult for blood to circulate normally.

  • Standing or sitting for long periods

Due to the increased strain on the veins caused by prolonged standing or sitting, people are more prone to develop varicose veins.

Symptoms of Varicose Veins

Varicose vein symptoms might differ from person to person. Some people might not exhibit any symptoms at all, while others could:

  1. Inflammation in the foot and legs
  2. Burning or itching in the region that is impacted
  3. Leg pain, heaviness, or cramping
  4. Skin alterations like thickening or discoloration
  5. Skin lesions or ulcers, particularly around the ankles

It is crucial to discuss these symptoms with your doctor if you are feeling any of them. They are able to conduct a physical examination and make suitable therapeutic recommendations.

Treatment for Varicose Veins

For varicose veins, there are several treatment options. The best course of action will depend on the seriousness of your ailment and your unique requirements. Typical forms of therapy include:

  • Sclerotherapy

In this non-invasive method, a solution is injected into the vein that is causing trouble. This causes the vein to break down and disappear.

  • Compression stockings

By exerting pressure on the veins, these specifically made stockings aid in enhancing blood flow in the legs. These can be obtained without a prescription from a doctor or over the counter.

  • Endovenous laser treatment

In this minimally invasive surgery, the damaged vein is heated and sealed off using a laser.

  • Vein stripping

Via skin incisions, the problematic vein is cut out during this surgical treatment.

  • Ambulatory phlebectomy

In this surgical treatment, the problematic vein is removed after making a few tiny incisions in the skin.

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